Informational and Explanatory Writing For Students

Posted by Kristy Beaudry McCain on Nov 12, 2014 7:00:09 AM

Teaching Students Writing Skills Helps Prepare Them To Succeed In School

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Research has shown that explicit instruction in writing creates better lifelong writers. The primary purpose of informative and explanatory writing is to give the reader factual and informative text. It focuses on telling how or why. Informative and explanatory writing might include any or all of the following:

Providing new knowledge

Explaining a process

Developing a concept

How to...

How do...

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Informative and explanatory writing should contain the following:

  • The writing should examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
  • Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
  • Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
  • Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because).
  • Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
  • Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.

Writing is a Process

For formal writing pieces and work writer’s intend to publish, utilizing the writing process helps to develop a well written writing piece.

Prewriting
Think…Use a graphic organizer, a picture, or create a simple map to organize your ideas

Drafting
Write your ideas down. Don’t wait. The draft does not have to be perfect.

Revising
Reread your work and redo it to create a better writing piece.

Editing
Proofread your work.

Publishing
Share the finished project.

It is not necessary to use the writing process in every writing piece. Some writing is on demand writing. The writer writes for a purpose and does not usually visit the writing piece again. Other writing is instant writing. People instantly respond to text messages and email.

 

Books For Students of All Ages

Readers have the opportunity to enjoy these informational texts. Sharing these informational books is an excellent way to introduce explanatory writing. These books offer a great opportunity to enrich student’s vocabulary and content knowledge. Big Universe offers hundreds of titles in many different languages on thousands of topics. Find these informational and engaging texts at www.biguniverse.com

thumbWomen in Information Technology
by Shaina Indovino (author) © 2014
ISBN: 9781422288979
Women have made major contributions to science throughout history, including in the field of information technology. Learn about the lives of some of the most amazing women in information technology, from Augusta Ada King to Radia Perlman, as well as their exciting and important work. Discover what it takes to work in information technology. Find out about the opportunities women in the field have today. Read Women in Information Technology to see if following in the footsteps of the many brilliant women who have made their mark in IT is something you want to do.

 

thumbHow to be a Rock Collector
by Natalie Aloian (author) © 2012
ISBN: 9781427197399
Rock collecting is a hobby that is easy to start. This engaging book describes how to dig, where you can and can’t dig (restricted in national parks), the necessary equipment, how to identify rocks and gems, and the proper recording and storage of your collection.

 

thumb-1How Do You Stay Well?
by Caroline Hutchinson (author), NA (illustrator) © 2009
ISBN: 9781607190356 AR: Book Level 0.0 / Points 0.0 / Quiz NA
From eating right to getting enough sleep, there are many ways to take care of you. Find out how you can stay well.

freeclipart appleConnecting To The Common Core State Standards

The Common Core State Standards clearly outline what is expected of students at each grade level, for students in the United States. The Common Core State Standards can be found at www.corestandards.org/

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.A
Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.B
Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.C
Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because).
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.D
Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.4.2.E
Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.

 

 

Topics: Classroom Ideas, Common Core, Differentiation

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