Opinion Writing and Discussion
The Common Core State Standards require students to share and write about their opinions starting in elementary school. An opinion is what someone thinks about a thing, concept, place or idea.
According to Merriam-Webster's online dictionary http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/opinion
An opinion is:
- a belief, judgment, or way of thinking about something : what someone thinks about a particular thing
- advice from someone with special knowledge : advice from an expert
Use Books to Teach Students to Support Their Opinions
Educators and parents can use books to teach children about expressing their opinions. Teachers can read the books aloud and point out where opinions are stated in the text. Educators can teach children how to find opinions in text and in environmental print. Students can read books in which others share their opinion. Some examples of text based on people's opinion are below. The books cover the following topics:
- The best__________
- The perfect________
- My favorite________
These online books that support sharing opinions are available at http//:www.biguniverse.com
Some helpful phrases that support discussion and writing about opinions:
- In my opinion
- I think
- I feel
- I prefer
- My favorite
- Everyone should
- I believe
- I really like
- The best
- The best thing about
Ideas For Writing About Your Opinion
Classrooms can collect data about their favorite things. Our Favorites is an excellent online book that talks about collecting data and graphing students' favorite things.
Helpful Phrases That Support Discussion And Opinion Writing
Educators can teach students to express their opinions by using words that support discussing and writing about opinions.
Vocabulary That Supports An Opinion
• When ....
• The reason....
• One reason ....
Sentence Starters That Conclude an Opinion Piece
• I think...
• I feel...
• I suggest...
• I would recommend...
Sentence Frames Can Help Students Express Their Opinion
Educators and parents can use sentence frames to support opinion writing. Some examples are:
I like_______________ because______________. The first reason I like ___________is because________________. The second reason I like______ is because _________________. In conclusion, I feel that ________________ is the best due to the fact__________.
Connecting to The Common Core State Standards
When preparing students for college and career readiness, it is essential to teach students to write sound arguments on substantive topics. The Common Core State Standards prepare students to achieve this writing goal. Teachers start by educating students about expressing their opinions in early elementary grades.
Grade K CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.K.1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is...).
Grade 1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.1.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure.
Grade 2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.2.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words (e.g.,because, and, also) to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section.
Grade 3 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.1a Introduce the topic or text they are writing about, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure that lists reasons.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.1b Provide reasons that support the opinion.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.1c Use linking words and phrases (e.g., because, therefore, since,for example) to connect opinion and reasons.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.1d Provide a concluding statement or section.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
Grade 4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1a Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1b Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1c Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.1d Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
Grade 5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.1 Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.1a Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.1b Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.1c Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.1d Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
Grade 6 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.1 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.1a Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.1b Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.1c Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.1d Establish and maintain a formal style.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.6.1e Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented.