Examining Close Reading
Close reading helps students to find and cite evidence from the text. Students can answer text-dependent questions using close reading. Close reading helps students to comprehend informational and complex text. In college and careers, almost all of the text that people encounter is informational. Learners need direct instruction in close reading in order to help them unpack the text.
Coding For Close Reading
Educators can provide students with explicit instruction on closely reading the text. In order to engage readers, after reading the text, they can use coding during the second read. Coding can help readers dig-deeper into the text. The text visuals help readers to find information quickly during a visual scan.
Prior to reading the text:
- Browse the content
Scan the text
Note important information such as headings, bold text, captions, italics, pictures, icons
- Number the paragraphs and circle the paragraph numbers
Box words that you don’t know
Put an E next to evidence
! Put an exclamation point next to interesting or surprising facts
Ο Circle key terms, names of people, places and dates
Underline the main idea in each paragraph
Put a ? (question mark) by anything that you have a question about or that is confusing
Put an * (asterisk) next to possible test questions or important information
Questions For Close Reading
First Read-Read For Information
- What is the text trying to communicate?
- What is the main idea?
- Do you have any questions about the text?
- What genre is the text?
- Encourage readers to reread to find new information
- What is the purpose of the text?
- Note new words and phrases in the text
- Use vocabulary strategies to determine the meaning of unknown words in the text
- Find the answers to text-dependent questions
Third Read-Deepen Understanding
- What can you infer from the text?
- What evidence can the reader cite from the text?
- Make connections with the text to deepen understanding (text-to-text, text-to-self, text-to-the-world)
- Verify the answers to text-dependent questions
Important Notes About Close Reading
Close Reading is needed in society today. Students need to foster habits of close reading to develop automaticity in reading comprehension. Close reading is a necessary skill. People need the ability to read closely in order to understand complex text. In all areas of life, adults and children need to closely examine text. People need to closely read driving directions. Students need to read and reread the test directions and questions. Directions on medication need to be read carefully.
Want more information on close reading? Click here.