Comprehension Strategy: Citing Evidence From The Text
Readers should use textual evidence to support answers when reading informational and nonfiction text.
Textual evidence used to support a position when reading and writing. The evidence is gathered from a text. It may include direct quotes and inferences drawn from the text. Educators can provide students with explicit instruction in this researched based strategy. Using sentence stems is an excellent way to practice citing text evidence with students.
How To Use Sentence Stems When Citing Evidence From The Text
- Teachers should provide direct instruction on the sentence stems. Educators can read a text aloud and demonstrate citing text evidence with the stems.
- The stems should be visible to the students. They can be charted, listed on a poster, or placed on the overhead or Smartboard.
- Students should be provided with a copy of the sentence stems.
- Students can practice using the stems with a text with guided practice. The teacher can monitor their work during this phase to make certain that they are using the stems correctly.
- As independent practice, kids can work in pairs using the stems to help them cite textual evidence.
Sentence Stems Used To Cite Evidence From The Text
In paragraph _________the narrator states________
Readers can tell that __________________________
I feel _________because
A causal factor was ________ and it is found on page___
An effect was_________
In the text I found____________
An example is_____________
According to the text___________
The picture shows___________
The text says__________
One example from the text is___________
Based on the information_________
The graph indicates___________
According to page ______ of the text_______
This incident provides further proof________
One example from the text is_________
The author wrote__________
In the text it states__________
After reading I know____________
On page_____ it states______________
Based on what I read________________
The graphic showed_____________
Cite Textual Evidence With Online Books
Readers have the opportunity to enjoy these informational and engaging texts. Sharing these books is an excellent way to get students excited about reading. These books offer a great opportunity to enrich student’s vocabulary and content knowledge. Big Universe offers hundreds of titles in many different languages on thousands of topics. Find these informational and engaging texts atwww.biguniverse.com.
Tom Greve (author)
Firefighters are first responders. When someone calls for help, firefighters will often be the first ones to arrive. With more than 350,000 fires in the United States each year, firefighters must be ready at all times of the day and night to protect and save lives, homes, and land from the devastation a fire causes. The rigorous training, dangerous conditions, equipment, and commitment of these brave individuals are all detailed in this book. Next time you hear the roar of a siren, stop and think about these life-saving heroes who protect us every day! This book will allow students to cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
The Common Core State Standards clearly outline what is expected of students at each grade level, for students in the United States. The Common Core State Standards can be found at www.corestandards.org/
Key Ideas and Details:
- Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account.
- Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.