Part of a teacher’s responsibilities are assessing student learning. This can occur before instruction, during instruction, and as the finale to instruction. Formative assessment focuses on the DURING instruction part. Formative assessment allows you to determine a student’s understanding of content and adjust as needed. If their understanding is on point, you may continue with current plans or even give higher level critical thinking activities. If some students are struggling, this is an opportunity to determine their weak areas and address it NOW rather than having to reteach. For me, formative assessments focus on choice and learning style. Summative assessments (the finale!) tend to be similar to standardized testing. Some students will always experience test anxiety and it may not always be a correct reflection of their ability or knowledge. For this reason, formative assessments should vary. It should take into account a student’s strengths and interest. Examples of formative assessments are:
A new competitive grant program within the Every Student Succeeds Act, ESSA, will fund the development and research of evidence-based innovative technology approaches to student learning. These grants are an additional resource made available to schools. This is an opportunity to begin or expand a grant program in addition to the general availability of new funds in the marketplace.